home solar energy

Home Solar Energy – The 7 Components of Home Solar

When starting a new home DIY solar energy project, one of the many question asked by a beginner is: What component parts will I need to complete my home solar energy project?

Before you start connecting together the individual component parts on your roof, it helps to get a good quality solar guide that will walk you step by step through the whole process of building, installing and setting up your own home solar energy system.

solar energy advantages and disadvantages

Table of Contents

Components of a home solar energy system

Aside from the obvious of time, tools and instructions, let us look at the basic components you will need to go solar.

For installing a grid-tied solar power system for your home, there are basically 7 main components you will need and we will organise these in the order in which they will be connected into your home solar energy system.

In most home DIY installations these panels will be built by you from individual parts.

You can order discount photovoltaic cells online, and assemble these into complete 80W, 100W, or 120W Solar Panels.

But if you do not have the time or skills to build a solar panel from scratch, there are plenty of commercially available panels to choose from.

Once built, individual panels are wired together to make larger solar arrays.

Solar Array Disconnect

This is basically just an electrical switch but is an important part of the system.

It allows you to disconnect and cut-off the DC power output from your solar panels and array should any repairs be required or if there is a problem with the solar system.

This disconnect switch needs to be strong enough to handle the full power output from the panels on a bright sunny day.

Battery Charge Controller

Most home solar systems are built with a battery backup included for when the sun does not shine such as on dull days or at night.

The battery charge controller ensures that a consistent amount of electrical power is sent to the batteries so that they are not over charged, and to ensure that the backup batteries do not discharge back through the system at night.

In many ways this component is similar to your automotive battery charger so will not be too expensive.

Deep Cycle Batteries

In order to store the solar power generated by your solar panels, your solar system will need deep cycle batteries.

Deep cycle batteries are not the same as shallow charge automotive batteries which are designed with thinner lead plates for cars.

Deep cycle storage batteries for solar systems are more robust and are designed for the type of charging and discharging cycles they need to endure.

New deep cycle batteries are expensive but reconditioned batteries are cheaper.

Better still, you may be able to get old dead batteries for free used previously in fork trucks, golf carts, and electric buggies and recondition them yourself.

Power Meter

This can be optional, but it is listed here as its inclusion will give you a clear way to see how much free solar power is being supplied to your home from your solar panels.

Having a system power meter also helps you improve your system to gain the maximum efficiency from your solar installation as well as having the advantage of letting your neighbours know how much money your solar system is saving.

Solar Power Inverter

Your solar panels generate DC power.

Your home runs on mains AC power, the solar power converter converts the solar energy from the panels into usable energy in the home by providing the DC to AC conversion using electronic switching techniques.

In practical terms, the converter allows us to run electric drills, computers, vacuum cleaners, mains lighting, and most other mains electrical appliances that can be plugged into the wall sockets of your solar panels.

There are many square wave, sine wave modified wave converters on the market but a good quality 1200W converter likely won’t cost you more than $100.

Backup Power

This for when the sun does not shine and the batteries are empty.

Most systems will include some sort of backup power. In a stand alone installation this would generally be a diesel generator.

In a grid-tied system the utility grid itself would provide the backup power through the converter. But a backup power source can also be a wind turbine or a water wheel as part of a small scale hydro system.

Once you have your 7 components installed, your solar power system gets wired into your normal home electrical panel and unless you are qualified, it may be necessary to get a qualified electrician to connect up the system.

Now that you know what 7 components you will need to get your home solar energy system up and running the savings made on building your own panels and sourcing the materials will more than pay for the additional qualified help.

Easy to install home solar energy kits

ECO-WORTHY 400W 24V Complete Solar Panel Kit with Battery and Inverter Off Grid Solar Power System Kit for Home House Shed Farm RV Boat, 24 Volt Battery
ECO-WORTHY 800W 24V Solar Panel Off Grid System Kit: 8pcs 100W Mono Solar Panel + 1500W 24V-110V Inverter + 60A PWM Charge Controller for RV, Boats, Homes
WindyNation 400 Watt Solar Kit: 4pcs 100W Solar Panels + P30L LCD PWM Charge Controller + Mounting Hardware + Cable + PV Connectors + AGM Battery for RV, Boat, Cabin, Off-Grid 12 Volt System
1440W On Grid Solar Kit Solar Panel Home Grid Tie System : 12pcs 120W Monocrystalline Solar Panel + 2000W MPPT Solar Grid Tie Power Inverter
WindyNation Complete 400 Watt Solar Panel Kit with 1500 Watt VertaMax Power Inverter RV, Boat, for Off-Grid 12 Volt Battery
ECO-WORTHY 400W 24V Complete Solar Panel Kit with Battery and Inverter Off Grid Solar Power System Kit for Home House Shed Farm RV Boat, 24 Volt Battery
ECO-WORTHY 800W 24V Solar Panel Off Grid System Kit: 8pcs 100W Mono Solar Panel + 1500W 24V-110V Inverter + 60A PWM Charge Controller for RV, Boats, Homes
WindyNation 400 Watt Solar Kit: 4pcs 100W Solar Panels + P30L LCD PWM Charge Controller + Mounting Hardware + Cable + PV Connectors + AGM Battery for RV, Boat, Cabin, Off-Grid 12 Volt System
1440W On Grid Solar Kit Solar Panel Home Grid Tie System : 12pcs 120W Monocrystalline Solar Panel + 2000W MPPT Solar Grid Tie Power Inverter
WindyNation Complete 400 Watt Solar Panel Kit with 1500 Watt VertaMax Power Inverter RV, Boat, for Off-Grid 12 Volt Battery
$1,354.99
Price not available
$1,749.99
Price not available
Price not available
ECO-WORTHY 400W 24V Complete Solar Panel Kit with Battery and Inverter Off Grid Solar Power System Kit for Home House Shed Farm RV Boat, 24 Volt Battery
ECO-WORTHY 400W 24V Complete Solar Panel Kit with Battery and Inverter Off Grid Solar Power System Kit for Home House Shed Farm RV Boat, 24 Volt Battery
$1,354.99
ECO-WORTHY 800W 24V Solar Panel Off Grid System Kit: 8pcs 100W Mono Solar Panel + 1500W 24V-110V Inverter + 60A PWM Charge Controller for RV, Boats, Homes
ECO-WORTHY 800W 24V Solar Panel Off Grid System Kit: 8pcs 100W Mono Solar Panel + 1500W 24V-110V Inverter + 60A PWM Charge Controller for RV, Boats, Homes
Price not available
WindyNation 400 Watt Solar Kit: 4pcs 100W Solar Panels + P30L LCD PWM Charge Controller + Mounting Hardware + Cable + PV Connectors + AGM Battery for RV, Boat, Cabin, Off-Grid 12 Volt System
WindyNation 400 Watt Solar Kit: 4pcs 100W Solar Panels + P30L LCD PWM Charge Controller + Mounting Hardware + Cable + PV Connectors + AGM Battery for RV, Boat, Cabin, Off-Grid 12 Volt System
$1,749.99
1440W On Grid Solar Kit Solar Panel Home Grid Tie System : 12pcs 120W Monocrystalline Solar Panel + 2000W MPPT Solar Grid Tie Power Inverter
1440W On Grid Solar Kit Solar Panel Home Grid Tie System : 12pcs 120W Monocrystalline Solar Panel + 2000W MPPT Solar Grid Tie Power Inverter
Price not available
WindyNation Complete 400 Watt Solar Panel Kit with 1500 Watt VertaMax Power Inverter RV, Boat, for Off-Grid 12 Volt Battery
WindyNation Complete 400 Watt Solar Panel Kit with 1500 Watt VertaMax Power Inverter RV, Boat, for Off-Grid 12 Volt Battery
Price not available

Conclusion

So whether you build your own solar panels from scratch or buy pre-made commercial panels, using solar energy to power your home can be easier than you think.

With a grid connected system you can even sell excess electricity you do not use back to the utility company who have been selling it to you for all these years giving you an additional income.